Dating the gospel of mark
Roman historian Colin Hemer has provided powerful evidence that Acts was written between AD 60 and 62. There is no mention in Acts of the crucial event of the fall of Jerusalem in 70. There is no hint of the outbreak of the Jewish War in 66 or of serious deterioration of relations between Romans and Jews before that time. There is no hint of the deterioration of Christian relations with Rome during the Neronian persecution of the late 60s. There is no hint of the death of James at the hands of the Sanhedrin in ca. At that time a new phase of conflict began with Christianity. Acts seems to antedate the arrival of Peter in Rome and implies that Peter and John were alive at the time of the writing. The prominence of 'God-fearers' in the synagogues may point to a pre-70 date, after which there were few Gentile inquiries and converts to Jerusalem. Luke gives insignificant details of the culture of an early, Julio-Claudian period. Areas of controversy described presume that the temple was still standing. Adolf Harnack contended that Paul's prophecy in Acts (cf. If so, the book must have appeared before those events. Christian terminology used in Acts reflects an earlier period.
Harnack points to use of always designates 'the Messiah', and is not a proper name for Jesus. The confident tone of Acts seems unlikely during the Neronian persecutions of Christians and the Jewish War with the Rome during the late 60s. The action ends very early in the 60s, yet the description in Acts 27 and 28 is written with a vivid immediacy.
For he was careful of this one thing, to omit none of the things he had heard and to make no untrue statements therein. Mark declared, who is called ‘stumb-fingered’ because he had short fingers in comparison with the size of the rest of his body. After the death of Peter himself he wrote down this same gospel in the regions of Italy.” is the realm where some questions are raised, but they are not determinative to overthrow Marcan authorship 1.
John-Mark is mentioned elsewhere in the biblical material: a. He was added to Paul and Barnabas’ party when they visited Jerusalem for the famine relief (Acts ) d.
They don’t believe that in 30 AD, a week before He is crucified, Jesus actually prophesied of the destruction of the temple, and it actually came true and happened in 70 AD, about 40 years later. Bruce, puts the Gospel of Mark in AD 64, which is still way before 70 AD and before even the break out of the war of the Romans vs. “As for the earliest of our Gospels, Mark, if it is a Roman Gospel (as I think), the crisis of A. 64 might have provided a suitable occasion for its publication.
Wallace writes: “In sum, Mark should be dated before the production of Luke’s gospel which we date no later than 62 CE. Robinson, put the Gospel of Mark also at 45 AD, and makes the case for all of the NT being written before 70 AD, in his famous book, Redating the New Testament. But my Manchester predecessor, considering that a suitable occasion for its publication might have been the reconstitution of the church in Rome about A. 55, after its dispersion when Claudius banished the Roman Jews about A. 49.” (“On Dating the New Testament”, Eternity 23 (June 1972): 32-33.
When the New Testament was written is a significant issue, as one assembles the overall argument for Christianity.
Confidence in the historical accuracy of these documents depends partly on whether they were written by eyewitnesses and contemporaries to the events described, as the Bible claims.
The Elder said this also: Mark, who became Peter’s interpreter, wrote accurately, though not in order, all that he remembered of the things said or done by the Lord.
D., then we would have good reason for believing that they were written by the disciples of Jesus Himself.